The Standards Space

Friday, 6 April, 2012 - 16:30 to 17:30
Conference room: 
Chair: 

Towards a Standards Infrastructure in Healthcare Education

Abstract: 
Medical knowledge changes at an extraordinary pace, and so does healthcare education. Students expect state-of-the-art digital tools. Regulators require increasing amounts of data on the efficacy and structure of the educational enterprise. Educators are encouraged to educate and assess learners in multidisciplinary teams. And healthcare providers are being asked to improve the quality of care using formal assessment and improvement measures. A technical infrastructure is essential to help educators achieve all that is being asked of them in a cost-effective manner. In this presentation, Ms. Smothers will review some of the standards being developed by MedBiquitous, an ANSI-accredited standards develop for healthcare education and competence assessment. She will also review projects based on MedBiquitous standards that illustrate the impact a common infrastructure can have.
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IEEE LOM, Healthcare LOM and the need for extensions: the mEducator standard schema approach

Abstract: 
Although there are existing standards for describing learning objects/educational resources, the need to extend them is often inevitable. IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) and its extension Healthcare LOM were used in mEducator BPN project, as the starting point for the development of a metadata standard for the description of a wide variety of medical educational resources. Healthcare LOM, which was designed by MedBiquitous to provide for the specific demands of medical and healthcare education, was considered to be reused by mEducator in order to fill IEEE LOM’s lack on medical metadata. However, there were still some concepts missing in the aforementioned standards that are needed in order to meet mEducator’s requirements such as repurposing, citation, quality stamp, companionship, media type as well as some more specific characteristics. So, conceptually-wise the mEducator standard is an extension of existing standards. When considering of reusing parts of an existing e-learning standard it is worth looking into two criteria a) the conceptual model/data model of these standards b) their serialisation in a machine processable format (JSON, XML etc.) Regarding the serialisation of those standards in a machine processable format, both IEEE LOM and Healthcare LOM have been bided officially directly in XML. However, Resource Description Framework (RDF) was identified as the most appropriate framework to use since the metadata should be compliant with the principles of Linked Data. Dublin Core on the other hand is an e-learning standard that has been expressed in RDF/XML. Consequently, the latter was the standard that was reused in mEducator approach. In other words, mEducator reused the concepts and the serialisation format of Dublin Core and it also proposed conceptual extensions to it.
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Recent contributions to a Generic Architecture Design that supports Learning Objects Interoperability

Abstract: 
Adaptation and personalization services in e-learning environments are considered the turning point of recent research efforts, as the “one-size-fits-all” approach has some important drawbacks, from the educational point of view. Adaptive Educational Hypermedia Systems in World Wide Web became a very active research field and the need of standardization arose, as the continually augmenting research efforts lacked interoperability capabilities. This presentation concentrates and classifies recent research work and notices important points that can lead to an open, modular and generic architecture of a Learning Management System based on widely accepted standards.
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